Primary infertility: This is when a couple has been unable to conceive after one year of regular unprotected sex. By regular, we mean a minimum of three times a week. If you are below 35 years and have not gotten pregnant despite fulfilling all righteousness for one year, you need to see your primary physician. If you are 35 years and above, and you don’t get pregnant within 6 months of trying, schedule an appointment with your doctor. The circumstance will determine the type of treatment your doctor will recommend.

Secondary Infertility: This predominantly occurs after the couple in question have successfully gotten pregnant once but afterwards find it difficult to. The challenge becomes the conception of another one. Factors that could be responsible for this include: Rhesus factor, uterine condition, fallopian tube damage, weakened sperm production, ovulation disorders, impaired sperm function, complications arising from prior pregnancy or surgery, and change in risk factors such as age, weight, and medication.

TYPES OF INFERTILITY

Male Factor infertility: Yes, there’s something such as male factor infertility. That would come as a shock especially within a culture that sees women as the culprit when it comes to infertility. In fact, a good percentage (40% to 50%) of infertility cases can be traced to the inability of the sperm to successfully fertilize an egg. This could be due to conditions such as the sperm having the wrong shape, low motility (the sperm not being fast enough or not moving well), or in severe cases, no sperm at all, testicular cancer, congenital defect, testicular injury, sterilization, unusually low level of testosterone, chemotherapy, or ejaculation disorders.

Female Factor Infertility: Most issues women have with infertility are directly or indirectly connected to the release of eggs. It’s either the egg doesn’t get released or the release is irregular. Now you see it, now you don’t. Causes include: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), Cervical mucus problem, Fibroids, premature ovarian failure, Endometriosis, Thyroid problems, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), or scarring from surgery.

 

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